Philosophy Test out Questions

 Essay about Philosophy Test Questions

Philosophy: Jan. 23/12

Summarize last course

Kant

issues with his look at

deontological theory

moral rules through explanation

good is going to inherently good/ is most noticeable

through respect/reverence for meaningful law

if done from inclination: simply no moral well worth

MUST BE DONE PERTAINING TO SAKE OF DUTY

Particular Imperative

is test to verify if your saying is universalizable

emotions will not play part in Kant's theory

computertomografie?

Moral worth

if obviously do things-> not have meaningful worth ( because carried out from inclination) example: offering extra meals you have to hungry individuals?

Performed because you feel it the moral obligation to help those without meals => meaning worth

Completed because of the reputation of doing anything good (glory) => no moral really worth

what about criminals clearing the road because element of probation (punishment) what could Kant claim?

Problems:

Moral act: Aristotle doing virtuous things -is it meaning act? what has moral worth? How much does not have ethical worth?

What about laving violent relationships? What would Kant say?

How you frame your maxim influences decision of universalizing

meaningful worth: away of moral regulation; respect; duty

you have to:

become disinterested

check categorical crucial ( can it be universalized? )

John Stuart Mill

intense schooling

Bentham influence

experienced breakdown

Harriet Taylor

qualitative utilitarian

the question of how you need to be moral is a question of increasing the greatest good (pleasure) to get the greatest amount

Utilitarianism..

consequence governed values

morality of the act determined by consequences

very best good for the highest number

every person to count for one

David Stuart Mill ( 1806-1873)

Taylor

childhood ( strong schooling)

motivated by Bentham

" swine”

" drive pin”

Utilitarianism

actions are right in so far as they promote happiness; incorrect as they tend to produce disappointment

Happiness---------: --pleasure and the absence of pain

Unhappiness: ----pain and loss of satisfaction

PLEASURE AND THE FREEDOM OF PAIN WILL BE THE ONLY POINTS DESIRABLE WHILE ENDS---

Qualitative VS Quantitative

John Stuart Mill

distinction between types of pleasure

happiness is usually separate from sensual enjoyment

thus his version is named qualitative utilitarianism

quanitative utilitarianism

best assess

one that have experienced various pleasures

choice for bigger pleasures associated with dignity

" no clever human being might consent to become fool; zero instructed person would be an ignoramous; no person of feeling and mind would be self-centered and base”

Problem? proof for?

Terme conseille of Margen and Generator:

when making meaning judgments of what to do:

should be impartial like a disinterested and benevolent spectator

capacity to choose

calculate

greatest great for greastest number

(Benthamites)

in the event that exposed to the two: choose bigger pleasure

To approach meaningful ideal

laws/social arrangements place happiness// curiosity of incredibly individual in harmony with interest with the whole

education/opinion establish indisolvable association between own pleasure and great of the complete

Habituate direct impulse in promoting general very good

Critque of Utilitarianism:

insufficient time to perform Hedonic calculation

Response:

we build on knowledge of human kinds

we do not begin with scratch whenever we encounter new meaning situation

Proving Principle of Utility:

questions about ends are queries about desire

evidence a thing can be desirable?

People desire this

what do people desire?

General happiness is definitely desired

every person desires their particular happiness

items like virtue will be part of their happiness

THOUGHT EXPERIMENTS