Togo Listeni/ˈtoʊɡoʊ/, officially the Togolese Republic (French: République Togolaise), is a country in Western Africa bordered by Ghana to the western world, Benin for the east and Burkina Faso to the north. It extends south towards the Gulf of Guinea, exactly where its capital Lomé is located. Togo covers an area of approximately 57, 000 square kms (22, 000 sq mi) with a inhabitants of approximately 6th. 7 , 000, 000. Togo is actually a tropical, sub-Saharan nation, remarkably dependent on farming, with a local climate that provides very good growing months. Togo is among the smallest countries in all of Africa. The required language is French, numerous other dialects spoken in Togo, especially those of the Gbe family. The largest religious group in Togo will be those with native beliefs, in addition to significant Christian and Muslim minorities. Togo is a member of the United Nations, African Union, Business of Islamic Cooperation, To the south Atlantic Serenity and Assistance Zone, La Francophonie and Economic Community of West African Declares. From the 11th to the 16th century, several tribes moved into the region from all directions. From the 16th century for the 18th 100 years, the seaside region was a major trading centre for Europeans looking for slaves, getting Togo and the surrounding place the brand " The Slave Coast". In 1884, Germany reported Togoland a protectorate. After World Conflict I, guideline over Togo was used in France. Togo gained its independence from France in 1960. In 1967, Gnassingbé Eyadéma led a successful military coup, after which it he became president. During his death in june 2006, Eyadéma was your longest-serving leader in modern day African history, after he was president for 38 years. In 2006, his son Faure Gnassingbé was chosen president.